India at COP 27

India at COP 27

The Prelude set at COP 26 by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Shri. Narendra Modi in 2021 became the Updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) for the Republic that were submitted to UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ahead of COP 27 under the Paris Agreement.

Presented hereunder is a Summary of India’s NDC as it stands in December 2022:

  • Reducing Emissions Intensity of its GDP by 45 % by 2030 from level it was back in 2005;
  • Achieving by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low-cost international finance including from Green Climate Fund (GCF) about 50 % cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources;

  • Propagating a healthy and sustainable way of living based on traditions and values of conservation and moderation, including through a mass movement for ‘LIFE’– ‘Lifestyle for Environment’ as a key to combating climate change;

  • Creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030;

  • Better adaptation to climate change by enhancing investments in development programmes in sectors vulnerable to climate change, particularly agriculture, water resources, Himalayan region, coastal regions, health and disaster management;

  • Mobilizing domestic, new & additional funds from developed countries to implement the above mitigation and adaptation actions in view of the resource required and the resource gap;

  • Building capacities, creating domestic framework and international architecture for quick diffusion of cutting edge climate technology in India and for joint collaborative R&D for such future technologies;

  • Global South that as a cohort looks up to India’s Climate Leadership had been vehemently demanding for a Loss and Damage Fund for decades now. The demand for this Fund has been an extension to the overarching demand that the Global South under India’s Leadership has put forth towards Climate Adaptation and Climate Justice. India strongly held its view at United Nations Climate Change Conference COP27 in November 2022 that the Developing World and Emerging Economies disproportionately bear the brunt of Climate Change. The demand for Loss and Damage Fund was finally acceded to at COP 27 which is being pegged as a massive win for the Global South at United Nation’s Pedestal.

    At COP 27 India again showed the way to the World as to how Nations can reduce consumption at the individual or household level. This was elucidated at the Official Launch of the ‘LIFE’– ‘Lifestyle for Environment’ campaign on the side lines of COP 27.

    India impressed upon increasing the use of biofuels - particularly ethanol blending in petrol - boosting the number of electric vehicles on the road, alongside expanded public transport networks, and using more green hydrogen fuel under its Long-Term Low Emissions and Development Strategy (LT-LEDS).

    At COP 27 India maintained its stand that Signatories to the Paris Agreement must agree to phase down all fossil fuels rather than a narrower deal to phase down just coal as agreed upon in 2021 at Glasgow.

    India was absolutely unsparing in raising its concern that the goal of Developed Nations to mobilize jointly USD 100 billion per year by 2020 has not yet been met. At COP 27 India raised clarion call on behalf of Global South that Developed Countries must meet this commitment and Multilateral Development Banks and International Financial Institutions must accelerate their efforts to mobilize Climate Finance.

    In quick succession after the COP 27, India has assumed the Presidency of G-20 Summit to be held in September 2023 with One Earth, One Family, One Future as its Motto where the Republic is deftly going to drive the Climate Change Mitigation agenda further ahead.